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20 East Gay Street
Harrisonburg, VA 22802
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Property ownership is not like a car title. To make any kind of change to ownership of property, a new deed will need to be prepared and recorded in the Clerk’s Office where the property is located.
Pursuant to § 17.1-223(B), a deed conveying residential property containing not more than four residential dwelling units will state on the first page of the document that it was prepared by the owner of the real property or by an attorney licensed to practice law in the Commonwealth where such statement by an attorney shall include the name and Virginia State Bar number of the attorney who prepared the deed.
We recommend seeing an licensed attorney in the Commonwealth familiar with recordation/land records to prepare the deed so that it is prepared properly as it is a legal document transferring property. All deeds have to meet all standards within the Code of Virginia and the Library of Virginia Recordation Standards.
Per § 17.1-223(A), a deed conveying residential property containing not more than four residential dwelling units must state on the first page of the document that it was prepared by the owner of the real property or by an attorney licensed to practice law in the Commonwealth where such statement by an attorney shall include the name and Virginia State Bar number of the attorney who prepared the deed. Note that timeshares are not considered residential dwellings.
There are no deed forms available for creation on the Virginia Judicial System's website. The Code of Virginia under § 64.2-635 Optional form of transfer on death deed provides information on creating a transfer on death deed, which needs to meet all recordation requirements shown above in order to be recorded. Otherwise, we recommend seeing an attorney licensed to practice law in the Commonwealth who is familiar with recordation/land records to have a deed prepared since it is a legal document transferring property and inaccurate/incorrect documents may cause issues in the chain of title.
If preparing the deed without an attorney, it is your responsibility to make sure that the deed meets all requirements under the Code of Virginia and the recordation requirements shown above. Recordation of a deed or other document does not mean that it was prepared correctly or is legally sound, it only means that the document met the basic requirements for recordation.
**Court personnel are prohibited by law from giving legal advice, restating the law, or recommending legal action. Questions regarding interpretation of the law should be directed to an attorney licensed in the Commonwealth of Virginia.**
The Code of Virginia mandates that all real property be assessed for taxation purposes at 100% of market value and be fair and equitable. Localities the size of Rockingham County are required by the Code of Virginia to conduct a reassessment a minimum of every four years. A reassessment is a systematic review of all property in the county to determine a fair market value. For Rockingham County the process includes exterior inspections of real property by staff assessors, as well as leaving questionnaires for property owners requesting information as needed about the interior of the buildings and the condition of the property. Sales information for real property sold in Rockingham County is reviewed and a sales ratio analysis is performed by staff assessors to determine fair market value.
During a reassessment, all property values are examined and adjustments are made on individual properties where necessary based upon the above process. This is done to achieve a fair and equitable distribution of real estate taxes. Once this process is complete, reassessment notices are mailed to property owners reporting the new assessed values individually for both land and buildings. Should the property owner(s) believe their assessment is incorrect, they may request an informal appeal with staff assessors. The request must be made during the window of time noted on the reassessment notice.
If, after the informal appeal, the owner still disagrees with the assessed value, the owner may then request a formal appeal to the Board of Equalization which is an independent group of citizens appointed by the Circuit Court of Rockingham County. During the appeal process the Board of Equalization may reduce the assessed value, increase the assessed value or affirm the assessed value established during the reassessment process. If the owner is still in disagreement with the assessed value after the appeal to the Board of Equalization, the next level of appeals is directly to the Circuit Court of Rockingham County.
It is the responsibility of the Board of Supervisors to determine the budgetary needs of the County and the tax rate necessary to effectively meet those needs. If deemed necessary, the Board may propose a tax rate that generates more than 101% of the previous year’s tax revenue by advertising and conducting a public hearing separate from the annual budget meeting.
Rockingham County conducted in-house General Reassessment from 1998 to 2018. The 2022 General Reassessment was conducted by Pearson’s Appraisal Service, Inc.
Manufactured homes are taxed as personal property unless they have been converted over to real estate through a formal application process by the Clerk of the Court. Prior to conversion, anyone who owns their own land and places a manufactured home on it will receive a real estate bill for the assessed value of the land and any improvements i.e. porches, decks, paved driveways, outbuildings, etc. The land and improvements are taxed as real estate, and the manufactured home is billed separately as personal property.
The assessed improvement value is the sum of the value of all the structures on your property. Outbuildings such as sheds, barns, and detached garages add functionality and utility to your property, thereby increasing the market value of your parcel.
New construction that is not fit for occupancy can be assessed at its value reflecting the percentage of completion (e.g. 50%, 75%, etc.) effective January 1st of the tax year. When the new construction is substantially completed and/or fit for use it is picked up at 100% assessment for the remaining months of the year
An appraisal is a detailed single property valuation, and may be obtained any time throughout the year. Appraisals can have a variety of purposes, e.g. mortgage loan, sale, home equity loan, and estate valuations. The County does not do individual appraisals of this type.
An assessment is a mass appraisal of all property within a locality as of January 1 of the reassessment year for tax purposes. Assessments are based on large numbers of sales that are analyzed to determine values for large groups of similar properties.
The 2021 tax rate is $0.74 per $100 of assessed value. To compute the real estate tax on a property assessed at $100,000, divide the assessed value by 100 and multiply by the tax rate: ($100,000 ÷ 100) x $0.74 = $740.00
Call our County office at (540) 564-3030 to speak with a permit specialist who will assist you in scheduling your inspection. Note: Inspections must be called in the by 12:00 pm the day before in order to have your inspection scheduled the next day.
A Violation of any provision of the Rockingham County Fire Prevention Code is a Class 1 Misdemeanor, punishable by confinement in jail for not more than twelve months and a fine. Fires must be attended at all times and completely extinguished before leaving. Rockingham County Fire Marshals Office20 East Gay St.Harrisonburg, Va 22802(540) 564-3175
Following the footer inspection, a temporary structure address number shall be posted so that it is clearly visible from the road.
*Note: if using 'begins with' or 'contains' in the second dropdown, the results will bring up any properties that begin with or contain the words entered in the search box. Names must be spelled and formatted correctly based on how they appear in the property records if searching ‘Matches Exactly’.
*Note: By default the identify tool is active to perform this task, however if you change tools to navigate within the map, you must switch back to the identify tool in order to select a property to return results.