Civil Division

Civil cases are disputes between individuals, entities, or groups of individuals or entities. Typical civil disputes seek monetary damages stemming from tort (civil wrong) or breach of contract. Not all civil cases stem from monetary or contract disputes. Other types of civil cases may include but are not limited to adoption, annulment, appointment of church trustees, conservatorships and/or guardianships of incapacitated adults or minors, divorce, encumbrance/conveyance of church property, name changes, partition of real estate or will or estate matters that are not handled in probate. 

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  1. Filing a Civil Case

When filing a civil case in the Circuit Court, the filing party is responsible for ensuring that all pleadings are prepared in accordance with the Code of Virginia and rules of the Virginia Supreme Court. Unlike the two District Courts, the Circuit Court does not provide forms for use by litigants in filing civil suits. Hence, it is strongly recommended that the services of an attorney be employed when filing a civil action at the Circuit-Court level.

Cover Sheets

As of September 1, 2018, all filings must have a typed Cover Sheet for Filing Civil Actions (Form CC-1416) included with filing. Instructions for completing the cover sheet can be found here. Inaccurate, incomplete or handwritten cover sheets will be returned for correction and/or completion. 

  1. More Information about Circuit Court - Civil
  1. Officer of the Court Remote Access (OCRA)
  1. e-Filing Info
  1. Copy Requests
  1. Info about our Courtroom Technology


​**Court personnel are prohibited by law from giving legal advice, restating the law, or recommending legal action. Questions regarding interpretation of the law should be directed to an attorney licensed in the Commonwealth of Virginia.**

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